Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes. Far more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th generations, as well as British impact on the broader Western entire world in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain as well as Western entire world as sleeping attire for men right until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Ladies of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, which is synonymous with Extended Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the routine like a fantastic a lot of Other people within the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is now Employed in London retailers. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it's due to White Ants."
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix manufactured from tender material, which include flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket aspect typically contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night fits.
Some pajamas element a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of muske pidzame a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-very first century They are really instead unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance shorter sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating several products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit snooze attire with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by kids, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also muske pidzame be footed.
Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got in some cases included the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of quick gown prime in excess of shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may possibly currently seek advice from Gals's mix daywear, specifically in the US wherever they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.